White Mold Disease of Soloncaeous Crops


Abstract

      Sclerotinia sclerotinium is a pathogen that causes White Mold disease in plant. It is cosmopolitan and is one of the most successful pathogen which attacks in almost all stages of plant. Plants susceptible to this pathogen encompass 64 families, 225 genera, and 361 species (Purdy, 1979). S. sclerotiorum on celery is called pink rot because the rotted, watery area that develops on mature celery is usually pinkish in color.  During warm and dry soil condition sclerotia directly produces mycelia whereas under favorable condition ascospores are produced. This is air borne disease and also spread by irrigation. Mycelium from sclerotia causes infection within an area. So for management of the disease cultural practices such as crop density and population adjustment, irrigation etc can be done. Conithirium minitans act as biological control agent. Chemicals such as Bordeaux mixture can also be used to reduce the infestation of this disease.

This paper is the article review of different literatures and books that are related to white Mold diseases in soloncaeous crops.

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