Scientific Name Agro-forestry Crops of Nepal


Common Fodder Trees of Nepal

Scientific Name Family English Name Nepali Name
Brassiopsis hainla Araliaceae Chuletro Chuletro
Alnus nepalensis Betulaceae Alder Uttis
Garuga pinnata Bursaraceae Garuga Dabdabe
Crateva unilocularis Capparaceae Crateva Siplika or
Sipligan
Terminalia bellirica Combretaceae Barro Barro
Terminalia chebula Combretaceae Harro Harro
Albizia lebbek Fabaceae Black Siris Kalo Siris
Bauhinia longifolia Fabaceae Camel’s Foot Tree Rato Tanki
Bauhinia variegata Fabaceae Camel’s Foot Tree Koiralo
Erythrina strica/varigata Fabaceae Coral Tree Faledo
Leucaena leucocephala Fabaceae Leucaena/ Ipil-Ipil Ipil-Ipil
Tamarindus indica Fabaceae Tamarind Imali
Celtis autralis Fagaceae European Nettle Wood Khauri
Quercus semecarpifolia Fagaceae Khasru Khasru
Litsea polyantha Lauraceae Litsea Kutmero or
Kutmiro
Melia azedarach Meliaceae Persian Lilae Sano Bakaino
Melia composite Meliaceae China Berry Thuli Bakaina
Artocarpus interga/heterophyllus Moraceae Jack Fruit Rukh Katahar
(Jack Fruit)
Artocarpus lakoocha Moraceae Monkey’s Jackfruit Badahar
Ficus Bengalensis Moraceae Banaya Tree Bar
Ficus Benjamina Moraceae Sami Peepal Sami Pipal
 Ficus cunia Moraceae Khanayo Khanayo
Ficus glaberrima Moraceae Pakhauri Pakhauri
Ficus hispida Moraceae Khasreto/Gedilo Khasreto or
Gelido
Ficus infectoria/lacor Moraceae Kavro Kavro
Ficus nemoralis Moraceae Dudhilo Dudhilo
Ficus nerifolia Moraceae Dudhilo Dudhilo
Ficus racemosa Moraceae Dumri Dumri
Ficus religiosa Moraceae Peepal Tree Pipal
Ficus rosenbergii Moraceae Nevaro Nevaro or
Nimaro
Morus alba Moraceae White Mulberry Seto Kimbu
Morus indica Moraceae Mulberry Kimbu
Salix babylonica/tetraspermum Salicaceae Drooping Willow Banis
Aesandra butyraceae Sapotaceae Nepalese Butter Fruit Chuiri
Sauraria nepalensis Saurariceae Gogan Gogan
Grewia optiva Tiliaceae Biul Shyal Phusro
Premna bengalensis Verbenaceae Black Premna Kalo Ginderi
Premna integrifolia Verbenaceae Premna Ginderi

Ground Legumes

Scientific Name Family English Name Nepali Name Remark
Aeschynomene americana/falcata   Joint Vetch Vetch
Arachis glabrata Forage Peanut Badame Ghash
Centrosema pubescens Centro Centro Benth.
Chamaecrista rotundifolia Wynn Cassia Cv. Wynn
Clitoria ternatea Butterfly Pea
Cyamopsis tetragonaloba L. Guar/Cluster Bean
Lablab purpureus Lablab Bean
Macroptilium atropurpurum Aztec Atro/Siratro (DC) Urb.
Cv. Aztee
Medicago sativa Lucerne
Neonotonia wihhtii Glycine Cv. Tinaroo
Pueraria thumbergiana/phaseoloides Kudzu Puero
(Roxb.)
Beneath
Stylosanthese guianensis Common Stylo Stylo (Abul.) Sw.
Stylosanthese guinanensis Var. intermediate Fine Stem Stylo Stylo
Stylosanthese humilis Towns Ville Stylo Stylo H.B.K.
Stylosanthese scabra Vog. Shurbby Stylo Stylo Cv. Siran
Stylosanthese seabrana Caatinga Stylo Stylo
Trifolium alexandrium Berseem Berseem
Trifolium pretense Red Clover
Trifolium repens White Clover
Vigna anguiculata L.           (V. sinensis L.) Cowpea Bodi

 

Shurb Legumes

Scientific Name Family English Name Nepali Name Remark
Desmodium introtum Green leaf Desmodium (Mill) Fawc.
& Rendle
Desmodium ovalifolium Common Desmodium
Desmodium uncinatum Silver Leaf Desmodium (Jacq.) DC
Flemingia macrophylla Flemingia
Tephrosia candida Mendola Mendola

 

Common Fodder and Forage Crops

Scientific Name Family English Name Nepali Name Remark
Avena sativa L. Fodder Oat
Euchlaena mexicana Schrad Teosente Makai Chari
Pennisatum americanum L. Fodder Bajra Leeke
Pennisatum typhoides (Burmf) Fodder Bajra Stapf &
Hubb.
Sorghum bicolor L. Fodder Sorghum Sargam Moench
Sorghum vulgare Pres. Fodder Sorghum Sargham
Zea maysL.bicolor L. Fodder Maize Makai
Zea mexicana (Schrad) Kuntze Teosinte Makai Chari

 

Cultivated Grasses

Scientific Name Family English Name Nepali Name Remark
 (Unknown) Perennial Grass Mulato Brachiaria brizantha X
B. ruziziensis
Brachiaria “Mulato”  —————  ————- Hybrid for
Upland
Brachiaria decumbens Stapf.
Brachiaria multica (Forsk) Stapf Para Grass Buffalo/ Water Grass
Cenchrus ciliaris L. Buffel Grass
Chloris gayana Kunth. Rhodes Grass
Cynodon dactylon L. pres. Bermuda Dubo
Dactylis glomerata Cocksfoot
Desmostychia bipinnata Kush
Imperata cylindrica Siru
Melinis minutifolia Beauv. Monkey Puzzle Bandhar
Dhapaune
Panicum maximum jacq. Guinea Grass
Pannicum antidotale Retz Blue Panic
Paspalum atratum Palpasum
Pennisatum sp. Naiper Naiper
Pennisetum  pedicellatum Dina Ghash Trin.
Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. Ex. Chiov Kikuyu Grass
Saccharum spontaneum Kans Kans
Seatria sphacelata Sch. &
Hubb.
Setaria anceps Stapf
Thysanolaena maxima Broom Grass Amrisho

Scientific Name

English Name Nepali Name

Family

Erythrina indica Coral Plant Faledo Fabaceae
Bauhinia purpurea Camel Foot plant Tanki Fabaceae
Tamarindus indica Tamarind Imili Euphorbiceae
Gravellia robusta Silver Oak Kaiyo Plant Proteaceae
Atrocarpus heterophyllus jack Fruit Rukh Katahar Moracae
Nyctanthus arbutristis Nyctanthus Parijat Oleaceae
Murrya paniculata Murrya Kamini Rutaceae
Melastoma melabatricum Indian Rhododendron Ageri Melastomaceae
Ficus benjamina Banyan tree Shami Moraceae
Michelia champcta Chanp Magnoliaceae
Garciana magnistana Mangosteen Mangosteen Clusiaceae/ Sapindaceae
Leucena leucocephala Epil Epli Epil Leguminoseae
Cinnamomum camphora Camphora Kapur Lauraceae
Citrus sp Citrus Kagati Rutaceae
Atrocarpus heterophyllus jack Fruit Rukh Katahar Moraceae
Largerstromia regime Largerstromia Thulo Ashare Lythraceae
Thuja Sp Thuja Dhupi Penaceae
Pterocarpus santalinus Red Sandal Wood Rakta Chandan Fabaceae
Elaeocarpus ganitnus roxb Rudrakshya Tiliaceae
Camelia chinensis Tea Chiya Rubiceae
Bambusa sp Bamboo Bans Graminaceae
Ficus hipsida Khasreto/Gedilo Thotne or Khashreto Moraceae
Albizzia lebbeck Albizzia Siris Fabaceae
Tabernaemontana coronaria Single TMC TMC Apocynaceae
Putranjiva roxburghii Child Birth Plant Putranjiva Putranjivaceae
Ficus recuta Rubber Plant Rubber Meraceae
Cinnamomum tamala Tamala Tej Patta Lauraceae
Cinnamomum zylanicum Dalchini lauraceae
Zizyphus retundifera Zizyphus Bayer Ramnaceae
Callistemon lanceolatus Bottle Brush Bottle Brush Myrtacea
Psidiun guajava Guava Aamba Myrtaceae
Aegle marmellos Beel Bel Rutaceae
Innula cappa Gayo Gayo /Gai Tihare Asteraceae
Tephrosia candida Mendula Mendula
Garuga piñata Garuga Plant Dabdabe
Litchi chinensis Litchi Litchi Sapindaceae
Magnifera indica Mango Mango Anacardiaceae
Ficus rosenbergii Moraceae Nevaro Nevaro/Nimaro
Emblica officinalis Amala Amala Euphoprbiceae
Ficus religiosa Pupil Tree Peepal Moraceae
Ficus camia Khanayo Khanayo Moraceae
Mucuna macrocarpa Buldhangro Buldhangro Fabaceae
Ficus glaberrima Pakhauri Pakhauri Moraceae
Caffia arabica Coffee Coffee Rubiaceae
Bombax cibea Shimal Shimal Bombaceae
Magnifera indica Mango Aanp Anacardiaceae
Annona squmosa Custard Apple
Psidium gujava Guava Aamba Myrtaceae
Muas paradisica Banana Kera Musaceae
Cannabis sativa Cannabbis Bhang or Gaaja

 

Scientific Name of plants listed below is copied from the link: http://www.forestrynepal.org/wiki/327

FOR TERAI FOR MIDHILLS
SN Botanical Name Nepali Name SN Botanical Name Nepali Name
1 Albizzia procera Seto siris 4 Brassiopsis hainla Chuletro
2 Dalbergia sissoo sisau 5 Castanopsis tribuloides Musure katus
3 Ficus semicordata khanyu 6 morus alba Kimbu
4 Gmelina arborea Gamari 7 Saurauria nepalensis Gogan\Tingur
5 Grevia optiva Bhimal 8 Albizzia odratissima
6 Acacia nilotica Babul 9 Erythrina arborescens Phaledo
7 Leuceana leucocephala Ipilipil 10 Ficus roxburghii Nimaro
8 Litsea monopetala Kutmero 11 Ficus nimarolis Dudhilo
9 Michelia champaca            Champ FOR HIGH MOUNTAIN
10 Sesbania grandiflra Dhaincha SN Botanical Name Nepali Name
11 Terminali alata Asna 1 Celtis australis Khari
12 Zizyphus jujuba Bayer 2 Quercus lamellosa Thulo phalant
13 Ficus nimarolis Dudhilo 3 Q.leucotricphora Sano banjh
14 Azadirahta indica Neem 4 Q. semecarpofolia Khasru
FOR MIDHILLS 5 Salix babylonica
SN Botanical Name Nepali Name 6 Taxsus baccata Lauth salla
1 Artocarpus lakoocha Badhar 7 Populus ciliata Banghe kath
2 Bauhinia purpurea Tanki 8 Brassiopsis glomerulata Kalo chuletro
3 Bauhinia variegata Koiralo 9 Quercus lanata Thulo banjh

32 thoughts on “Scientific Name Agro-forestry Crops of Nepal

  1. dear bijesh,
    i’ve got the project on research of plants in nepal and i’ve also interest on it. I didnt found the plant named kauro .i searched it in google and in your website but didnt found.could you please give information or scientific name of it. thank you

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  2. dear sir . i want o know the scientific name of TOTALA KO PHUL KO RUK. name of the tree. its mostly found in himalayas and in sikkim also. we also eat this flower and has medicinal value. thank you.

    regards
    Bishwendra pradhan.
    sikkim.Gangtok

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  3. bijesh daiiam from iaas,lamjung 4th sem. so please help me providing scientific name of fodder like bilaune ,areli , Nang gedi, naagraj(local name). Hope u will respond!!

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  4. Dear Bijesh jee,
    Thanks for the good blog. Appreciated..
    Its good blog for the learners.
    May i kindly get the checklist of Agroforestry trees and shrubs suitable for Nepal?

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    1. Hello Nabin, Thank you for the compliment. All these trees that you see are suitable for Nepal. Only you have to figure out which tree suits best where. Some may suits in different types of climate whereas some are niche specific.

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  5. Dear Bijeshji,
    Can you provide me scientific name of following 6 plants (Common nepali name used in Dhading)
    1. Dammar Kada
    2. Damagedi
    3. Bhakke amilo
    4. Tnidu
    5. Pnadhel
    6. Bilaune.

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    1. Hello Pabitra, Thank you for visiting my blog and compliments. Regarding your queries, please see your email inbox. Hope the information will be helpful to you.
      Regards
      Bijesh Mishra.

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  6. Dear Bijeshji,
    Thank you for the post, it is really helpful.
    Can you provde me scientific name of’
    1. Dambar Kada
    2. Dama gedi
    3.Bhakke amilo
    4.Mauwa
    5.Tnidu
    6.Pnadhel
    7. Bilaune
    *These are common name used in Dhading

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  7. i want to know the scientific name of sipligan which is quite better in taste and also used as green manure.

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  8. Currently i am in the process of thesis. plz can you send me the list of herbs in terai or refer me a best book for identification.

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    1. I don’t have list. Whatever I have is listed here. I think, Green book of horticulture (you can find in some popular bookstores or in Rampur Campus as well) could be helpful to you. I am not sure whether there is particular books published related to your concern or not.

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  9. Dear Bijesh
    I want to talk to u about the forest and tree crisis is happening in Nepal.

    with regards

    Sewali Kalita

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    1. Thank you for the query. Chiure (Aesandra butyracea) is Abundantly available in hilly region of Nepal. According to resource assesment by MEDEP, almost 50 districts of Nepal have Chiuri plants and its total number is estimated as 10.7 million throughout the country.

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    1. Prajol, thank you for the query. As far as I know, Rai Khanayo is named as F. cunia and Khanayo is named as F. semicordata. Please check internet or other reliable sources to know more details about variation in species. Species could vary.

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    1. Dear Kiran,
      Perhaps the name you provide is common name or Nepali name of that plant. All plant may not have same common name throughout the country. So before answering your question, I need to know English name of that shrub. Thank you for your interest.

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