Medicinal Plants to Control Different Diseases and Pests


S.N. Common name Nature of plant Local name Scientific name Family Parts used Targeted pest
1 Ginger Herb Aadhuwa Zinziber officinalis Rosaceae Rhizome  
2 Stinging nettle Shrub sishnoo Urticia dioica   Leaves  
3 Justicia Shrub Justicia Justicia gendrussa   Leaves  
4 Thorn apple Shrub dhaturo Datura stramonium   Leaves  
5 Hemp Shrub ganja Cacannbis sativa   Leaves  
6 Cotton Shrub kapas Gossypium hirsutum      
7 Neem Tree Neem Azardiracta indica Meliaceae Leaves, seed Rice weevil, grain moth, silverfish, cloth moths
8 Chinaberry Tree Bakaino Melia azerdarch Meliaceae Leaves, seed Locust, army worm, cabbage butterfly, BPH, weevil
9 Turmeric Shrub Beshar Curcuma domestica Zingiberaceae   Weevil, flour bettle, pulse beetle.
10 Sugar appple Tree Sarifa Annona squamosa Annonaceae Unripe fruit, seed Aphid, weevil, BPH, grren bugs, plant hopper
11 Chilli Herb Khursani Capsicum frutescense Solanaceae Fruit Ant, aphid, larvae of butterfly, beetle
12 Garlic Herb Lasun Allium sativum Liliaceae Cloves Aphids, ticks, nematode , epilachna beetle
13 Eucalyptus Tree Masala ko rukh Eucalyptus sps Myrtaceae Leaves Beetles, cabbage butterfly, PTM.
14 Sweet flag Shrub Bojho Acorus calamus Araceae Rhizome Rice weevil, cabbage butterfly, Fleas, fruit fly.
15 Soapberry Tree Rittha Sapindus marginatus Sapindaceae Seed Weevil and other different pest
16 Citrus sps Tree Aamilo Citrus sps Rutaceae Leaves Gypsy moth, pulse beetle, house fly etc
17 Malabar nut Shrub Ashuro Justicia adhatoda Acanthaceae Leaves, root Lesser grain borer, kaphra beetle
18 Basil Herb Tulsi Ocimum basilicum Labiatae Leaves , flowers Mosquito and different pest of grains
19 Crown plant Shrub Aank Calotropis gigantea Asclepidaceae Leaves, stem Rice weevil, DBM, house fly, mosquito
20 Tamarind Tree Imli Tamarindus indica Fabaceae Leaves  
21 Jatropha Tree       Leaves  
22 Pyrethrum Herb Godawari Chrysanthium sps   leaves  
23 Emblic Tree Amala Emblica officinalis Euphorbaceae Leaves, fruit  
24 Onion Herb Pyaj Allium sepum   Bulb  
25   Tree Parijat     Leaves  
26 Papaya Tree Mewa Carica papaya   Leaves  
27 Fenugreek Herb Methi Trigonella fonenumgraecum      
28 Mustard Herb Tori brassiceae      
29 Marigold Shrub saypatri Tagetus erecta   Flowers seed.  
30 Titepati Herb titepati Artimisia sps      
31   Shrub Banmara        
32 Black pepper Tree Black pepper Piper nigrum      
33 Xanthoxylum Tree Timur Xanthoxylum sps   Seed  
34 Water pepper   pirre Polygonum hydropiper   Leaves  
35 Cinnamon Tree Dalchini Cinnamomum verum   Leaves, bark  
36 Catechu Tree khayer Acacia catechu   leaves  
37 Camphor tree Tree   Cinnamomum camphora   Leaves  
38   Tree Simali        
39 Castor Shrub   Ricinus communis      
40 Cardamom Shrub   Elettaria cardamomum      
41 Coriander Herb       fruit  
42     Gandhe jhar        

 

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