How to Recognize Peer-reviewed (Refereed) Journals

In many cases professors will require that students utilize articles from “peer-reviewed” journals. Sometimes the phrases “refereed journals” or “scholarly journals” are used to describe the same type of journals. But what are peer-reviewed (or refereed or scholarly) journal articles, and why do faculty require their use?

Three categories of information resources:

  • Newspapers and magazines containing news – Articles are written by reporters who may or may not be experts in the field of the article. Consequently, articles may contain incorrect information.
  • Journals containing articles written by academics and/or professionals — Although the articles are written by “experts,” any particular “expert” may have some ideas that are really “out there!”
  • Peer-reviewed (refereed or scholarly) journals – Articles are written by experts and are reviewed by several other experts in the field before the article is published in the journal in order to insure the article’s quality. (The article is more likely to be scientifically valid, reach reasonable conclusions, etc.) In most cases the reviewers do not know who the author of the article is, so that the article succeeds or fails on its own merit, not the reputation of the expert.

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Analysis of Farm Productivity in Kentucky

Analysis of Farm Productivity in Kentucky using Linear Regression Model
Bijesh Mishra, Buddhi R. Gyawali, Kentucky State University

Paper Presented in Kentucky Academy of Science, 2015 Annual Conference held in Northern Kentucky University (NKU) Newport, Kentucky.


Agriculture in Kentucky has undergone through major changes in last few decades. The number of farms are decreasing with the increase in average farm size. Agriculture census of 2012 shows that Kentucky has high percentage decline in farmland. About 90% of Kentucky farmers are family-owned and decrease in farmlands suggests people are moving away from farming jobs to other alternatives. In contrast, agriculture production seems to increase by 5% from 2007 to 2012. This research aims to identify and study characteristics of farms in Kentucky and their productivity, as well as exploring relationship between different factors affecting farm productivity in Kentucky. Secondary data collected from different sources such as Agriculture Census 2012, US Census and Projections, Climatological data, land quality data, as well as other socioeconomic and demographic data were analyzed using regression model. Preliminary findings of the research suggest correlation between farm productivity with climatic factors, irrigation availability, farm diversification, off farm working days, land in farming, average farm size, labor availability, farm location, and market interaction. Continue reading

Mapping Geo-spatial Impacts of Recent Earthquake in Nepal

Mapping of Recent Earthquake in Nepal and Its Geo-spatial Impacts.
Bijesh Mishra, Buddhi Raj Gyawali, Kentucky State Univeristy


Nepal is located in tectonically active zone in-between three main fault lines: The Main Central Thrust, The Main Boundary Fault and The Siwaliks and The Himalayan Frontal Fault running parallel through the country resulting Indian Plate under Eurasian Plate. This country is hit by major earthquakes in every 80 to 100 years resulting into heavy losses of lives, properties and historical and world heritage sites. The story maps developed using ArcGIS online demonstrate the recent 7.6 MW Richter scale earthquake devastated locations and its major destruction in infrastructure, human lives, landscape , and impacts on human settlement and out-migration. Continue reading

Modern Agricultural Science and Technology Calls for Papers

Call for Papers


Modern Agricultural Science and Technology is a scholarly, double-blind peer-reviewed, and interdisciplinary journal focusing on theories, methods and applications in agricultural science. It is published in English by Academic Star Publishing Company, USA. It aims to provide the best platform for researchers and scholars worldwide to exchange their latest findings in all main branches of agricultural science. It publishes original research, applied, and educational articles monthly in all areas of agricultural science.

Authors are encouraged to submit complete, unpublished, original works that are not under review in any other journals. The scopes of the journal include, but are not limited to, the following fields: Continue reading