Common Fodder and Forage Crops of Nepal

Common Fodder Trees of Nepal

Scientific Name Family English Name Nepali Name
Brassiopsis hainla Araliaceae Chuletro Chuletro
Alnus nepalensis Betulaceae Alder Uttis
Garuga pinnata Bursaraceae Garuga Dabdabe
Crateva unilocularis Capparaceae Crateva Siplika or
Sipligan
Terminalia bellirica Combretaceae Barro Barro
Terminalia chebula Combretaceae Harro Harro
Albizia lebbek Fabaceae Black Siris Kalo Siris
Bauhinia longifolia Fabaceae Camel’s Foot Tree Rato Tanki
Bauhinia variegata Fabaceae Camel’s Foot Tree Koiralo
Erythrina strica/varigata Fabaceae Coral Tree Faledo
Leucaena leucocephala Fabaceae Leucaena/ Ipil-Ipil Ipil-Ipil
Tamarindus indica Fabaceae Tamarind Imali
Celtis autralis Fagaceae European Nettle Wood Khauri
Quercus semecarpifolia Fagaceae Khasru Khasru
Litsea polyantha Lauraceae Litsea Kutmero or
Kutmiro
Melia azedarach Meliaceae Persian Lilae Sano Bakaino
Melia composite Meliaceae China Berry Thuli Bakaina
Artocarpus interga/heterophyllus Moraceae Jack Fruit Rukh Katahar
(Jack Fruit)
Artocarpus lakoocha Moraceae Monkey’s Jackfruit Badahar
Ficus Bengalensis Moraceae Banaya Tree Bar
Ficus Benjamina Moraceae Sami Peepal Sami Pipal
 Ficus cunia Moraceae Khanayo Khanayo
Ficus glaberrima Moraceae Pakhauri Pakhauri
Ficus hispida Moraceae Khasreto/Gedilo Khasreto or
Gelido
Ficus infectoria/lacor Moraceae Kavro Kavro
Ficus nemoralis Moraceae Dudhilo Dudhilo
Ficus nerifolia Moraceae Dudhilo Dudhilo
Ficus racemosa Moraceae Dumri Dumri
Ficus religiosa Moraceae Peepal Tree Pipal
Ficus rosenbergii Moraceae Nevaro Nevaro or
Nimaro
Morus alba Moraceae White Mulberry Seto Kimbu
Morus indica Moraceae Mulberry Kimbu
Salix babylonica/tetraspermum Salicaceae Drooping Willow Banis
Aesandra butyraceae Sapotaceae Nepalese Butter Fruit Chuiri
Sauraria nepalensis Saurariceae Gogan Gogan
Grewia optiva Tiliaceae Biul Shyal Phusro
Premna bengalensis Verbenaceae Black Premna Kalo Ginderi
Premna integrifolia Verbenaceae Premna Ginderi

Ground Legumes

Scientific Name Family English Name Nepali Name Remark
Aeschynomene americana/falcata   Joint Vetch Vetch
Arachis glabrata Forage Peanut Badame Ghash
Centrosema pubescens Centro Centro Benth.
Chamaecrista rotundifolia Wynn Cassia Cv. Wynn
Clitoria ternatea Butterfly Pea
Cyamopsis tetragonaloba L. Guar/Cluster Bean
Lablab purpureus Lablab Bean
Macroptilium atropurpurum Aztec Atro/Siratro (DC) Urb.
Cv. Aztee
Medicago sativa Lucerne
Neonotonia wihhtii Glycine Cv. Tinaroo
Pueraria thumbergiana/phaseoloides Kudzu Puero
(Roxb.)
Beneath
Stylosanthese guianensis Common Stylo Stylo (Abul.) Sw.
Stylosanthese guinanensis Var. intermediate Fine Stem Stylo Stylo
Stylosanthese humilis Towns Ville Stylo Stylo H.B.K.
Stylosanthese scabra Vog. Shurbby Stylo Stylo Cv. Siran
Stylosanthese seabrana Caatinga Stylo Stylo
Trifolium alexandrium Berseem Berseem
Trifolium pretense Red Clover
Trifolium repens White Clover
Vigna anguiculata L.           (V. sinensis L.) Cowpea Bodi

 

Shurb Legumes

Scientific Name Family English Name Nepali Name Remark
Desmodium introtum Green leaf Desmodium (Mill) Fawc.
& Rendle
Desmodium ovalifolium Common Desmodium
Desmodium uncinatum Silver Leaf Desmodium (Jacq.) DC
Flemingia macrophylla Flemingia
Tephrosia candida Mendola Mendola

 

Common Fodder and Forage Crops

Scientific Name Family English Name Nepali Name Remark
Avena sativa L. Fodder Oat
Euchlaena mexicana Schrad Teosente Makai Chari
Pennisatum americanum L. Fodder Bajra Leeke
Pennisatum typhoides (Burmf) Fodder Bajra Stapf &
Hubb.
Sorghum bicolor L. Fodder Sorghum Sargam Moench
Sorghum vulgare Pres. Fodder Sorghum Sargham
Zea maysL.bicolor L. Fodder Maize Makai
Zea mexicana (Schrad) Kuntze Teosinte Makai Chari

 

Cultivated Grasses

Scientific Name Family English Name Nepali Name Remark
 (Unknown) Perennial Grass Mulato Brachiaria brizantha X
B. ruziziensis
Brachiaria “Mulato”  —————  ————- Hybrid for
Upland
Brachiaria decumbens Stapf.
Brachiaria multica (Forsk) Stapf Para Grass Buffalo/ Water Grass
Cenchrus ciliaris L. Buffel Grass
Chloris gayana Kunth. Rhodes Grass
Cynodon dactylon L. pres. Bermuda Dubo
Dactylis glomerata Cocksfoot
Desmostychia bipinnata Kush
Imperata cylindrica Siru
Melinis minutifolia Beauv. Monkey Puzzle Bandhar
Dhapaune
Panicum maximum jacq. Guinea Grass
Pannicum antidotale Retz Blue Panic
Paspalum atratum Palpasum
Pennisatum sp. Naiper Naiper
Pennisetum  pedicellatum Dina Ghash Trin.
Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. Ex. Chiov Kikuyu Grass
Saccharum spontaneum Kans Kans
Seatria sphacelata Sch. &
Hubb.
Setaria anceps Stapf
Thysanolaena maxima Broom Grass Amrisho

 

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